Fifty Nine Story - Quiz
- William LeMessurier found that his building has
- After a student called him and pointed up possible
- After the American Society of Metals and Metallurgy
changed its side-wind standards
- After Hugh Stubbins presented the building to the New
York Architectural Society
- After Hurricane Eva shook the upper floors in early
- The reaction of Citicorp to the information supplied by
- Understanding, acceptance and willingness to work with
him on repairs.
- Shock and disbelief. It took them four weeks to
emerge from the “denial” phase.
- Threats of litigation on account of LeMessurier
- Immediate evacuation of the building in preparation
- Leslie Robertson had the following opinion of the tuned
mass damper (TMD):
- The TMD was essentially useless (like the emergency
generators in the World Trade Center bombing).
- The TMD was the only hope for the building’s survival,
and it was to be kept operational at all times.
- The TMD needed to be doubled in size immediately.
- Since we do not know how strong is the TMD, we should
ignore it in all calculations.
- The City of New York representatives and the Red Cross…
- Cooperated with Citicorp in its effort to remedy the
flaws of the building.
- Decided to take no position in the matter
- Objected to the Citicorp plan and complained in the
- Agreed to work with Citicorp but demanded a one
million dollar insurance policy.
- The work done on the Citicorp building was paid for
- By Citicorp and by the insurers of Stubbins and
- Only by the insurers of Stubbins and LeMessurier.
- By the City of New York and the emergency fund of the
- By the wife of LeMessurier who came from a wealth
- Work on the Citicorp building was done…
- At night, so that the offices could continue to
operate by day.
- 24 hours a day, to decrease the duration of the work.
- During daylight time only, so that no mistakes are
made in the dark.
- Only in March because April was “tax months” and many
tenants had a busy schedule.
- The structural problem with the Citicorp building was
- Unusual constraints led to an unusual design, which
neglected side winds and was not implemented properly
- US Steel has used rusty metal beams in constructing
- Bethlehem Steel has used rusty metal beams in
constructing the building.
- The Tuned Mss Damper was not design properly and
caused significant swings of the top floors.
- The strike of New York papers…
- Made it easy for LeMessurier to hide the extent of the
problem from the public.
- Made it difficult for LeMessurier to blow the whistle
on the building.
- Occurred too late to affect building coverage. .
- Eased the work in the building because the striking
journalists did not come to their offices in the building.
- The comments on “belts and suspenders”
- Was made by a Citicorp official to explain the prudent
ways of the corporation in handling the building.
- Was made by Davenport after the wind tunnel tests
showed a serious structural problem.
- Was made in jest about Stubbins style in clothes.
- Was made by the head of AT&T when special emergency
lines were required for the Citicorp building.
Last modified: Wed Sep 13 14:57:24 EDT 2000