Anglo-American Declaration of Trust
June 13, 1944
This Agreement and Declaration of Trust is made the
thirteenth day of June One thousand nine hundred and fourty four by Franklin
Delano Roosevelt on behalf of the Government of the United States of
America, and by Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill on behalf of the
Government of tile United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The
said Governments are hereinafter referred to as "the Two Governments":
Whereas an agreement (hereinafter called the Quebec
Agreement) was entered into on the nineteenth day of August One thousand
nine hundred and forty three by and between the President of the United
States and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; and
Whereas it is an object vital to the common interests
of those concerned in the successful prosecution of the present war to
insure the acquisition at the earliest practicable moment of an adequate
supply of uranium and thorium ores; and
Whereas it is the intention of the Two Governments to
control to the fullest extent practicable the supplies of uranium and
thorium ores within the boundaries of such areas as come under their
respective jurisdictions; and
Whereas the Government of the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland intends to approach the Governments of the
Dominions and the Governments of India and of Burma for the purpose of
securing that such Governments shall bring under control deposits of the
uranium and thorium ores within their respective territories; and
Whereas it has been decided to establish a joint
organization for the pur-pose of gaining control of the uranium and thorium
supplies in certain areas outside the control of the Two Governments and of
the Governments of the Dominions and of India and of Burma;
Now it is Hereby Agreed and Declared as Follows:
1. (1) There shall be established in the City of
Washington, District of Columbia, a Trust to be known as "The Combined
(2) The Trust shall be composed of and administered by six persons who shall
be appointed, and be subject to removal, by the Combined Policy Committee
established by the Quebec Agreement.
2. The Trust shall use its best endeavours to gain
control of and develop the production of the uranium and thorium supplies
situate in certain areas other than the areas under the jurisdiction of the
Two Governments and of the governments of the Dominions and of India and of
Burma and for that purpose shall take such steps as it may in the com-mon
interest think fit to:
a. Explore and survey sources of uranium and thorium supplies.
b. Develop the production of uranium and thorium by the acquisition of
mines and ore deposits, mining concessions or otherwise.
c. Provide with equipment any mines or mining works for the production of
uranium and thorium
d. Survey and improve the methods of production of uranium and thorium.
e. Acquire and undertake the treatment and disposal of uranium and thorium
and uranium and thoriurn materials.
f. Provide storage and other facilities.
g. Undertake any functions or operations which conduce to the effective
carrying out of the purpose of the Trust in the common interest.
3. (1) The Trust shall carry out its functions under
the direction and guidance of the Combined Policy Committee, and as its
agent, and all ura-nium and thorium ores and supplies and other property
acquired by the Trust shall be held by it in trust for the Two Governments
jointly, and disposed of or otherwise dealt with in accordance with the
direction of the Combined Policy Committee.
(2) The Trust shall submit such reports of its activities as may be required
from time to time by the Combined Policy Committee.
4. For the purpose of carrying out its functions, the
Trust shall utilize whenever and wherever practicable the established
agencies of any of the Two Governments, and may employ and pay such other
agents and employees as it considers expedient, and may delegate to any
agents or employees all or any of its functions.
5. The Trust may acquire and hold any property in the
name of nominees.
6. All funds properly required by the Trust for the
performance of its functions shall be provided as to one-half by the
Government of the United States of America and the other half by the
Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
7. In the event of the Combined Policy Committee
ceasing to exist, the functions of the Committee under the Trust shall be
performed by such other body or person as may be designated by the President
for the time being of the United States of America and the Prime Minister
for the time being of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
8. The signatories of this Agreement and Declaration
of Trust will, as soon as practicable after the conclusion of hostilities,
recommend to their respective Governments the extension and revision of this
war-time emergency agreement to cover post war conditions and its
formalization by treaty or other proper method. This Agreement and
Declaration of Trust shall continue in full force and effect until such
extension or revision.