Indicator Dilution Method

FickÔs law of diffusion at steady state can be used to measure fluid flow according to the following equation:

 

Q = A /(C0 - C1)

 

where Q is flowrate (liters/min), C0 and C1 are input and output concentrations (mg/liter) and A is the indicator added per unit time (mg/min). (Figure 28) Oxygen or a dye can be introduced as indicators. This method has been used to study cardiac output.

 

Figure 30 Flow Measurement using FickÔs Law [2]

 

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Support for the development of this module was provided by the National Science Foundation and The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art.
 

Please send questions or comments to Professor Ron Adrezin or Professor Daniel Raichel.