Worker's Safety and Health Hazard Information

This set of information contains safety and health hazard data on the chemicals that are encountered by workers in the wastewater treatment of electrochemical and pharmaceutical industries and also the municipal wastewater treatment plant. It lists the compounds, the worker exposure limits to the substance, symptoms, route of infection, and target organs. Moreover, data such as the flash point and specific gravity are listed as well. More information regarding units or further information can be found in the Documentation Section.


CHEMICAL/
COMPOUND
EXPOSURE LIMITS HEALTH HAZARDS SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
FLASH
POINT
(F)
NIOSH OSHA IDLH EXPOSURE
ROUTE
SYMPTOMS TARGET
ORGANS
mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3
Cu, copper 1 1 100 In/Ig/Co irritable eyes, nose, pharynx; nasal perforation, metallic taste, dermatitis; in animals, lung, liver, kidney damage, anemia eyes, skin, liver, kidneys, respiratory system, Wilson's disease 8.94 NA
Cr, chromium 0.5 1 250 In/Ig/Co irritating eyes, skin; lung fibrosis (histologic) eyes, skin, respiratory system 7.14 NA
Ni, nickel 0.015 1 10 In/Ig/Co sensitization, dermatitis, allergic asthma, pneuitis, carcinogenic nasal cavities, lungs, skin, lung & nasal cancers 8.9 NA
Zn, zinc --- --- --- In/Ig ingestion causes coughing, dyspnea, and sweating; a human skin irritant; inhalation may cause chills, throat dryness, cough, weakness, generalized aches, sweet taste, fever, nausea, vomiting skin; causes "brass chills" 7.14 ---
Pb, lead 0.1 0.05 100 In/Ig/Co weakness, lassitude, insomnia, facial pallor, pale eyes, anorexia, low-wgt, malnutrition, constipation, abdominal pain, colic, anemia, gingival lead line, tremor, paralysis of wrist, ankles; encephalopathy, kidney disease, irritable eyes, hypotension eyes, GI tract, CNS, kidneys, blood, gingival tissue 11.34 NA
Cd, cadmium --- 0.005 9 In/Ig pulmonary edema, dyspnea, cough, chest tightness, substernal pain, headache, chills, muscular aches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, anosmia, emphysema, proteinuria, mild anemia, carcinogenic respiratory system, kidneys, prostate, blood, prostate & lung cancers 8.65 62
Hg, mercury 0.1 C 0.1 C 10 In/Ab/Ig/Co irritable eyes, skin; coughing, chest pain, dyspnea, bronchitis, pneuitis, tremor, insomnia, irritability, headache, fatigue, weakness, stomatitis, salivation, GI disturbance, anorexia, low-wgt, proteinuria eyes, skin, respiratory system, CNS, kidneys 13.6 NA
As, arsenic 0.002 STEL 0.01 5 In/Ab/Co/Ig ulceration of nasal septum, respiratory irritation, peripheral neuropathy, hyperpigmentation of skin, dermatitis, gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances, carcinogenic liver, kidneys, skin, lungs, lymphatic system, lung & lymphatic cancers 5.73 NA
Be, beryllium 0.0005 0.002 4 In/Co berylliosis, anorexia, low-wgt, weakness, chest pain, coughing, clubbing of fingers, cyanosis, pulmonary insufficiency; irritable eyes; dermatitis, carcinogenic eyes, skin, respiratory system, lung cancer 1.85 NA
Ag, silver 0.01 0.01 10 In/Ig/Co blue-gray eyes, nasal septum, throat, skin; irritability, ulceration of skin, GI disturbances nasal septum, skin, eyes 10.49 NA
NH3, Ammonia 18 35 216 In/Ig/Co irritable eyes, nose, throat; dyspnea, bronchospasm, chest pain; pulmonary edema; pink frothy septum; skin burns, vesiculation; in liq form, frostbite eyes, skin, respiratory system 0.6 NA
NO2 1 ppm 1ppm/15M --- In poison by inhalation; experimental teratogen; experimental reproductive effects; causes pulmonary resistance changes, cough, dyspnea pulmonary system 1.491 ---
CN, Cyanide 5 5 --- In/Ab/Co/Ig salivation, nausea without vomiting, anxiety, confusion, vertigo, giddiness, lower jaw stiffness, convulsion, opisthotonos, paralysis, coma, cardiac arrhythmias, transient respiratory stimulation followed by respiratory failure may occur --- --- ---
1,2-dichloroethene, trans 790 790 3950 In/Ig/Co irritable eyes, respiratory system, CNS, depression eyes, respiratory system, CNS depression 1.27 36-39
chloroform 9.78 240 2445 In/Ab/Ig/Co irritable eyes, skin; dizziness, mental dullness, nausea, confusion, fatigue; anesthesia; headache; enlarged liver, carcinogenic liver, kidneys, heart, eyes, skin, CNS; in animals, liver & kidney cancers 1.48 NA
1,1,1-trichloroethane 350 ppm 350 ppm
/15 m
--- In/Ig/Co irritating to the eyes, skin, mucous membranes, and upper respiratory tract; prolonged exposure can cause narcotic effect and dermatitis skin, eyes, respiratory system; liver, kidneys 1.338 NA
bromodichloromethane --- --- --- In/Ab/Co causes eye and skin irritation; material is irritating to mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract; prolonged exposure can cause nausea, dizziness, headache, and narcotic effect; carcinogen eye, skin, respiratory system 1.98 NA
tetrachloroethene *minimum 689 1033.5 In/Ab/Ig/Co Irritable eyes, nose, throat; nausea; flush face, neck; vertigo, dizziness, incoordination, headache, somnolence; skin erythema (skin redness) eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver kidneys, CNS; in animals: liver tumors 1.62 NA
toluene 375 750 1875 In/Ab/Ig/Co irritable eyes, nose; fatigue, weakness, confusion, euphoria, dizziness, headache; dilated pupils, lacrimation, nervousness, muscle fatigue, insomnia; paresthesia; dermatitis; liver, kidney damage eyes, skin, respiratory system, CNS, kidneys, liver 0.87 40
m-xylene 435 435 3915 In/Ab/Ig/Co irritable eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizziness, excitement, drowsiness, incoordination, staggering gait, corneal vacuolization; anorexia, nausea, vomiting; abdominal pain, dermatitis CNS, GI tract, blood, liver, kidneys 0.86 82
o,p-xylenes 435/435 435/435 3915/3915 In/Ab/Ig/Co irritable eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizziness, excitement, drowsiness, incoordination, staggering gait, corneal vacuolization; anorexia, nausea, vomiting; abdominal pain, dermatitis CNS, GI tract, blood, liver, kidneys 0.86 82
acetone 590 2400 6050 In/Ig/Co irritable eyes, nose, throat; headache, dizziness, CNS, depression; dermatitis eyes, skin, respiratory system, CNS 0.79 0
2-chlorotoluene 250 none N.D. In/Ab/Ig/Co irritable eyes, skin, mucous membrane; dermatitis; drowsiness, incoordination, anesthesia,; cough; liver, kidney injury eyes, skin, respiratory system, CNS, liver, kidneys 1.08 96
4-chlorotoluene --- --- --- In/Ig/Co can be irritating to the eyes, skin, mucous membrane, and upper respiratory tract eyes, skin, respiratory system 1.07 121
bis-2-ethyl hexyl phthalate 5 5 5000 In/Ig/Co Irritable eyes, mucous membrane; in animals: liver damage; teratogenic effects; carcinogenic eyes, respiratory system, CNS, liver, reproductive system, GI tract; in animals: liver, tumors 0.99 420 (oc)
butyl benzyl phthalate --- --- --- In/Ig/Co irritating to skin, eyes, mucous membranes, and upper respiratory tract skin, eyes, respiratory system 1.106 230
dibutyl phthalate 5 5 4000 In/Ig/Co Irritable eyes, upper respiratory system, stomach eyes, respiratory system, gastrointestinal (GI) tract 1.05 315
diethyl phthalate 5 none N.D. In/Ig/Co Irritable eyes, skin, nose, throat; headache, dizziness, nausea; lacrimation; possible polyneur, vestibular dysfunction; pain, numbness, weakness, spasms in arms & legs; in animals: reproductive effects eyes, skin, respiratory system, CNS, peripheral nervous system, reproductive system 1.12 322 (oc)
di-n-octyl-phthalate 5 5 5000 In/Ig/Co Irritable eyes, mucous membrane; in animals: liver damage; teratogenic effects; carcinogenic eyes, respiratory system, CNS, liver, reproductive system, GI tract; in animals: liver, tumors 0.99 420 (oc)
naphthalene 50 50 1332.5 In/Ab/Ig/Co Irritable eyes; headache, confusion, excitement, malaise; nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain; irritable bladder; profuse sweat; jaundice; hematuria, hemoglobinuria, renal shutdowns, dermatitis; optical neuritis, corneal damage eyes, skin, blood, liver, kidneys, CNS 1.15 174
phenol 19 19 977.5 In/Ab/Ig/Co Irritable eyes, nose, throat; anorexia, low weight; weakness, muscular ache, pain; dark urine; cyanosis; liver, kidney damage; skin burns; dermatitis; ochronosis; tremor, convulsion, twitch eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys 1.06 175
benzene 0.325 0.325 1625 In/Ab/Co/Ig irritable eyes, skin, nose, respiratory system; giddiness; headache, nausea, staggered gait; fatigue, anorexia, lassitude; dermatitis; bone marrow depression, carcinogenic eyes, skin, blood, CNS, respiratory system, bone marrow, leukemia 0.88 12
ethyl benzene 435 435 3528 In/Ig/Co irritable eyes, skin, mucous membrane; headache; dermatitis; narcosis, coma eyes, skin, respiratory system, CNS 0.87 55

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Last Updated: 8/20/96
Analyst/Contact: Tristan Baccay

E-Mail Address: baccay@cooper.edu