Description of Zeus Associates



In ancient Greece, after the Titans had been defeated, Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades divided the kingdom. Zeus got to be the first to choose his domain. He could have ruled over the sea or the underworld, but instead he chose the sky because of its purity, expansiveness, and beauty.

Today Zeus Associates is dedicated to preserving these qualities of the sky that the god admired so much . We are an international consulting company specializing in air pollution monitoring. All our collection and testing can conveniently take place on site. We have already proved ourselves noteworthy in such projects as the Athens Campaign for Breathable Air, and the Mexico City Air Project. In both of these projects, our company played a vital role in the determination of what pollutants were in the air, how much of them were present, and what was causing the particular pollutants.

We also have a very impressive Transportation Department, which specialized on the monitoring of traffic, the designing of improved transportation systems, and the construction of improved transportation systems. Our transportation department specializes in highway traffic monitoring, control, and improvement. Their most recent large scale project involved the Liberty and West Street Intersection Project in New York City's financial district. This intersection, which was once practically impossible to cross safely, has become a pleasant, scenic intersection, where a person can walk at their own pace and still cross the intersection safely.

Our company, which consists of approximately 800 employees has already dealt with the type of situation which is presently being requested of us. Therefore, we are confidant that this project will be a complete success.


Expectations of GAA
The German Autobahn Authority has requested Zeus Associates to submit a bid which will incorporate the following criteria:

1. Monitoring of traffic and determination of types of traffic and the amounts of each which use the Autobahn.
2. Types of equipment which will be used, as well as the quantity of equipment.
3. Maintenance and installation of data collection and sampling equipment.
4. Training of GAA on the use and maintenance of the equipment which will be used.
5. Provisions for data analysis.
6. Development for possible solutions for pollutant reduction.

Phase 1: Information Systems
A computer network will be set up with one computer in each of the four following cities: Hamburg, Munich, Nurnberg, and Hanover. Each computer will be used as a database and transmit it to each of the other computers. It is also expected that these machines are going to be used as a research tool. The selected computer has more than enough processing power to perform these tasks. It has a 56k modem to insure fast transfer rates, a zip drive to back up the data, and a printer to keep hard copies of data and print monthly reports. There will also be four computer specialists, one in each city, that will be paid to set up the computers and provide support and maintenance.

Cost:
Computer =$9,708

Computer Specialist (estimated) =$26,000
Total cost for Phase 1: =$35,708

Phase 2: Traffic Count

A series of two-hour traffic counts will be performed to determine the areas of highest and lowest congestion, and types of vehicles contributing to this congestion. The same stretches of the road will be watched during different season, times of the day and days of the week to determine the affect of tourists, commuters, weekend traffic, etc. The concentration of each type of vehicle in each area will also be recorded. This information will then be analyzed to determine where each type of vehicle (military, commercial, motorcycle, small car, etc.) is contributing the greatest to local pollution. Seven locations along the autobahn have been selected at major crossroads, on the northern and southern ends of this stretch of the roadway, and on long stretches between major roadways (See Figure 1).

Counts are scheduled during August to coincide with the height of the tourist season, during the holidays at the end of December and during October and March. They will be taken on Mondays and Wednesdays to determine what the traffic patterns are like during the workweek, and on Fridays and Sundays to determine the weekend patterns. On the four days, counts will be taken during the morning rush hour, at noon, during the evening rush hour and late at night. This will result in a total of 64 counts at each of seven different areas.

The information gathered from these counts will be utilized to determine how the different traffic patterns, speed limits, and congestion affect vehicle emissions. This information will help in the future development of an air pollution reduction plan. Total cost includes training and data entry.

Estimated Cost $15,680

Phase 3: Air Emissions Sampling
Among the numerous factors taken into account during the design of this monitoring scheme include the equipment location, available space, ambient conditions, availability of power, highest level of emissions reported, aesthetic looks, noise of monitoring equipment, and contaminant characteristics. The sampling network pattern was chosen based on a variety of variables such as wind pattern, industry location, and geographical concerns. We have determined that the following strategy would best meet the GAA's expectations:

6 sampling spots were chosen along the Autobahn route. The exact locations can be noted by observing the provided map found in the appendix. These locations were chosen to incorporate the entire route, taking into account the locations of cities, upwind and downwind areas, and less populated areas.

We have determined that two people will be needed per location to man each machine.
We are suggesting the use of the following equipment, (4 machines of each type mentioned below will be necessary):

1. Inficon's Hapsite portable GC/MS for the testing of VOC's. This is a combination gas chromatograph / mass spectrometer. It measures and analyzes VOC's on site. This device was chosen because it is lightweight and easily transportable. In addition, the mass spectrometer is self tuning, and injects internal standards automatically with each sample. No special training in mass spectrometry is needed to operate this equipment. The data from the chromatograph is easily analyzed with the Hapsite software.

2. Horiba's Series 200 CO/CO2/HC/NO/SO2 Non-dispersive Infrared Analyzer. This model features the ability to analyze two separate gases, and to analyze gases over wider ranges of concentration. The advanced use of fiber optics ensures high selectivity, which minimizes the interference presented by the other gases in the sample.

3. Horiba's Series 200 CH4 Gas Chromatograph Analyzer. This equipment features advanced electronic design which allows for updated methane concentration readings every fifteen seconds. Moreover, it features a stainless steel burner assembly which provides for increased accuracy.

4. Airmetrics' MiniVol Portable Air Sampler. This machine, which tests ambient air pollution, is low cost, lightweight, and battery operated. Using an internal programmable timer, it can make six sampling runs a day. In addition, it monitors its own battery voltage as well as its air flow rate.

Phase 3 Bid
Hapsite x4 =$320,000
Horiba x8 =$400,000
Airmetrics x4 =$8000
Maintenance Cost/per cost =$350
Employee Wages (2 people)(6 spots)(4 machines)(24 days/year)($150/day)= $172,800
Total for Phase 3 = $901,150


Total Bid for Project:
Phase 1 (Information Systems) = $35,708
Phase 2 (Traffic Count) = $15,680
Phase 3 (Air Emissions Sampling) = $901,150
Total = $952,538
Transportation costs and Insurance = $75,000
Supervision of Installation = $2000
Overhead = $180,000

Total Bid for Project: = $1,209,538



References



Air Pollution Engineering Manual. Air & Waste Management Association. Edited by Anthony J. Buonicore and Wayne T. Davis. Van Nostrand Reinhold: NY, 1992

Air Sampling Instrumentss for evaluation of atmospheric contaminants. 7th ed. American Conference of Governmental Hygienists: USA, 1989.

Davis, Mackenzie L. and David A. Cornwell. Introduction to Environmental Engineering 2nd Ed. McGraw-Hill: 1991, USA

Diem, Aubrey. The New Germany. ALJON Print-Craft Limited: Ontario, 1991

Perry, Roger and Robert Young. Handbook of Air Pollution Analysis. Chapman and Hall: London, 1977.



Appendix A: Maps of Germany

Appendix B: Equipment Specifications