DAVID KHANG AND U-JIN CHOI
Assignment #1: Examples of Unconventional"Bridges"
*PHYSICAL BRIDGES: -stairs ("diagonal" bridge) -towers,ladders ("vertical" bridges) N.B. A few tangential questions may be: "When does the metaphor of bridge break down?" "When does a bridge become a division?"
*TEMPORAL BRIDGES: - intergenerational; within a family - fashion; cyclical, bridging years - black hole-white hole continuum; bridging a given point in time in the past or the future
*PHYSIOLOGICAL BRIDGE: neuronal synapes between axons and dendrites
*PSYCHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL: the transition between a particular neural circuit and the phenomenon of "consciousness"
*PSYCHOLOGICAL BRIDGE: - experiencing events vicariously - hypnosis; bridging the conscious with subterranian
*ARTISTIC BRIDGE: - bridging "illusion" and "reality" by design e.g. tromp l'oeil
*INTERPERSONAL BRIDGE: - bridging a simplistic understanding of people to a more complex one; breaking down of caricatures and stereotypes to enter into a greater appreciation of our complexities i.e. "All artists are esoteric fuzzy thinkers!" "All architects wear nothing but black!" "All engineers need the security blanket of 'cold hard facts'."
Assignment #2: Comparison of videos: "Super Bridge" & "Death by Design"
After seeing the video "Super Bridge", it is hard not to be won over to the belief that "technology can indeed conquer and tame nature." The video portrays the overcoming of nature's whims. In contrast, "Death by Design" celebrates the discovery (through technology) of nature's designs. One is marvelling at human ingenuity; the other is a fascination with a design that is non-human (by evolutionary forces?). Hence, the parameters of the Missouran bridge is highly specific in time and space, whereas the bridging between cells occurs over the course of billions of years of evolution which began with unicellular organism.
The gradual construction of the new "Super" Bridge followed by the spectacular explosion of the older bridge parallels the mitotic event, followed by the phagocytosis of the old cell. Inherent in both of these activities are potential pitfalls. Several unforseen events were documented, such as a fallen crane or budget overruns. In a biological system, there could either be abnormal birth/growth (e.g. cancer cells) or abnormal death (e.g. auto-immune responses). "Design,"as these two videos clearly demonstrate, is in all systems biological and non-biological.
Assignment #3 PROPOSAL FOR BRIDGE:
"WHO LIVES ON, UNDER, AND ON THE TWO(OR MORE) SIDES OF A BRIDGE?"
"WHO USES A BRIDGE?"
"HOW DOES A BRIDGE AFFECT THE GEOGRAPHIC AREAS INVOLVED , ( RE: SOCIAL/ECONOMIC/CULTURAL, ETC. )
The photographs depicted here are selected from those taken of the Williamsburg Bridge, which connects the Lower East Side in Manhattan with Williamsburg, Brooklyn. These "snapshots" illuminate some of the subtle and obvious differences between the two connected neighborhoods, and begs some questions which I would like to use as springboards to research.
Who lives on the two sides? What is the ethnic, socioeconomic makeup of the two neighborhoods? How has the bridge affected the surrounding development, and possibly gentrification?
If we consider Raymond Hood's grandiose "living" bridge concept (1929), we may ask the questions:
Who are the occupants of the bridge, albeit temporary?
Who crosses under it? (To quote Abraham Lincoln from the video, "Super Bridge," "One has as much right to go down a river as to cross it.") Who lives UNDER the bridge? (considering the unintended social byproduct of bridge design).
By considering these angles, I am interested in viewing not only the physical bridge, but also the bridge "COMPLEX" which is made up of the interconnectedness of the surrounding urban residential, industrial & commercial interests.